Autumn or Fall is the third season of the year that arrives after summer and continues until winter. The season is marked by shorter days, lower temperatures, and falling leaves.
It will begin on September 23 and last until December 22 in the Northern Hemisphere this year. In the Southern Hemisphere, it starts on March 20.
Origin of the words Fall and Autumn
Fall is a more commonly used word in the United States while Autumn is used more frequently in the UK. Interestingly, both of them have different origins.
The word autumn originated from the Latin word 'autumnus' and later on the French word 'autompne' whose exact meanings are unknown. However, it is assumed that 'autumnus' meant the end. Some also say that the word has its roots in the Latin verb 'augere' which means growth or increase, a direct reference to the harvest season. autumnus' and later on the French word 'autompne' whose exact meanings are unknown. However, it is assumed that 'autumnus' meant the end. Some also say that the word has its roots in the Latin verb 'augere' which means growth or increase, a direct reference to the harvest season.
The word Fall came into existence much later after Autumn. It is said to originate from the word 'feallan' which means dropping from a height, decaying, or dying. It referred to the shedding of the leaves during this season. feallan' which means dropping from a height, decaying, or dying. It referred to the shedding of the leaves during this season.
However, long before the emergence of Autumn and Fall, people referred to this season as the Harvest before the 16th century.
- The color of leaves in trees changes to orange, brown, yellow, red, and even purple during this season.
- Since Autumn is a transitional period from summer to winter, temperatures begin to drop and days become shorter.
- Autumn is also known as the Harvest season because it is the time to harvest crops after their growth throughout Summer Season.
- Some birds and mammals in the North of the Equator molt (shed layers such as feathers, skin, shell, hair, etc) during Autumn.
Why do Trees Shed Leaves in Autumn
Deciduous trees shedding their leaves during Autumn is a common phenomenon. This is because the fluids present in the leaves of such trees are thin and can freeze easily. This would have caused a huge issue in the upcoming winter season.
However, trees are receptive to light due to their inbuilt chemical light receptors. Thus, when the Fall starts, trees begin to detect the amount of blue light and red light and consequently the changes in the length of day and night. Due to this, Trees undergo many internal changes to protect themselves from Winter.
Celebrations in Autumn
Autumn is a time of many celebrations, holidays, and fun activities in different countries. Significant celebrations and commemorations such as Halloween , Veterans Day , Guy Fawkes Night , and Thanksgiving Day take place in the US, UK, and many other countries. India celebrates Diwali (the Festival of Lights), Gandhi Jayanti, Navaratri, Durga Puja , and many more. Jayanti, Navaratri,
Besides this, Oktoberfest in Germany, Moon Festival in China, and Day of the Dead Festival in Mexico are some of the most popular celebrations worldwide.
Fall Overturn- An Interesting Scientific Phenomenon
Also known as Fall Mixing and Autumn Overturn, Fall Overturn is a phenomenon where all the layers of water bodies (such as lakes, and rivers) mix leading to the redistribution of dissolved oxygen, nutrients, and temperature.
When Autumn approaches, the temperature begins to decrease. As a result, the top warmer layer begins to cool down and sink to the bottom of the water body. This cyclic process continues until the entire water body reaches a uniform temperature. This, along with winds and waves, helps to redistribute oxygen and nutrients.
Fishing is usually difficult during this period.
You might find these articles interesting: