Eid Al Fitr, which is also known as the "Festival of breaking fast", is a Muslim holiday that marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan. In 2021 the holiday happens on May 12. Muslims are not allowed to fast during Eid.
It is not a public holiday in the United States, although some schools may close to observe the holiday.
It was during Ramadan that the prophet of Islam Muhammad received the revelations from angel Gabriel that allowed him to compile the holy book of Quran. Upon arriving in Medina, Muhammad announced that Allah had established two days of celebrations for Muslims, Eid Al Fitr and Eid Al Adha.
The purpose of Eid Al Fitr was to commemorate the end of the fasting of Ramadan, and mark the start of the Shawwal month, as well as to thank Allah for giving Muslims the perseverance to fast during Ramadan.
Customs and Celebrations
On Eid Al Fitr Muslims around the world gather in a praying ground or a mosque to perform an early morning prayer. The prayer is then followed by a sermon.
Afterward, people get dressed in their best, new clothes and decorate their homes with ornaments and lights. Families and friends all gather to share big meals to break the fast of Ramadan and children receive gifts. It is a day to commemorate being cleansed of sins and to thank God for His help and guidance. During Eid, Muslims are expected to keep the practice of Zakat, donating money to the needy. Depending on the country, Eid Al Fitr can be celebrated for one to three days.
People exchange the greeting “Eid Mubarak” which translates to “blessed celebration” or “Happy Eid”.